What is Dyslexia?
Definition of Dyslexia by the International Dyslexia Association (IDA):
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede the growth of vocabulary and background knowledge. Adopted by the IDA Board of Directors, November 2, 2002.
As many as one in five students have dyslexia. Undiagnosed or without special instruction, dyslexia can lead to frustration, school failure, and low self-esteem. The common myths about dyslexia are that dyslexics read backwards and reverse words and letters. While these characteristics may be part of the problem with some individuals, they are NOT the most common or important attributes.
Dyslexia is not a disease! The word dyslexia comes from the Greek language and means poor language. Individuals with dyslexia have trouble with reading, writing, spelling, and/or math. Although they have the ability and have had the opportunities to learn but still cannot read/ or read on grade level. Individuals with dyslexia can learn; they just learn in a different way. Often these individuals, who have talented and productive minds, are said to have a language learning difference.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has declared the lack of ability to read to be a public health issue.
According to Dr. Reid Lyon of the NIH, only 10% of U.S. teachers receive appropriate training to teach reading to students at risk for reading failure.
Elizabeth Hendrix • 347-882-1074 • firstname.lastname@example.org